Matthew 21:33-43
Receiving the Messengers
by Rev. Richard A. Miserendino

Reprinted with permission of "The Arlington Catholic Herald"

Home Page
To Sunday Gospel Reflections Index

Matthew wrote to show that Christ was the
Messiah and fulfilled the Jewish prophecies.


Jesus said to the chief priests and the elders of the people: "Hear another parable.  There was a landowner who planted a vineyard, put a hedge around it, dug a wine press in it, and built a tower.  Then he leased it to tenants and went on a journey.  When vintage time drew near, he sent his servants to the tenants to obtain his produce.  But the tenants seized the servants and one they beat, another they killed, and a third they stoned.  Again he sent other servants, more numerous than the first ones, but they treated them in the same way.  Finally, he sent his son to them, thinking, 'They will respect my son.'  But when the tenants saw the son, they said to one another, 'This is the heir, Come, let us kill him and acquire his inheritance.'

They seized him, threw him out of the vineyard, and killed him.  What will the owner of the vineyard do to those tenants when he comes?"  They answered him, "He will put those wretched men to a wretched death and lease his vineyard to other tenants who will give him the produce at the proper times."  Jesus said to them, "Did you never read the scriptures: 'The stone that the builders rejected has become the cornerstone; by the Lord has this been done, and it is wonderful in our eyes'?  Therefore, I say to you, the kingdom of God will be taken away from you and given to a people that will produce its fruit."

The parable Jesus tells in our Gospel today perfectly encapsulates the phrase: ďDonít shoot the messenger.Ē Jesus is palpably frustrated with the lack of faith and comprehension shown by the chief priests and elders. How could the chief priests reject God himself when heís right in front of their noses?  As a result, he tells the story of the vineyard owner who is wronged by his tenant farmers: First they steal his produce, then they hurt his servants and messengers, and finally even put his son to death.  Itís a story of unbelievable proportions, or so it seems. At the end, Jesus puts the question to his hearers:  What would you do if you were the vineyard owner? Their answer is simple: Put those wicked men to death.

The punch line is that the story describes the history of Israelís rejection of God perfectly. Itís a sketch of the Old Testament, leading from Moses right up to Jesus, and the condemnable actions that the crowds find in the bad tenants is true of their own ancestors. Consider: God set up a vineyard for them by giving them the promised land. He gave it to them to tend that it might bear fruit, the fruit of true worship of God. Yet again and again they worshipped strange gods, tortured and sometimes even killed the prophets, and in a few short chapters from todayís Gospel, they will even put Jesus, Godís own son, to death. They ignored Godís gift, they ignored the messengers and now theyíre poised to ignore Godís only son. Even now, theyíve missed the point of the story entirely, unknowingly pronouncing sentence on themselves in condemning the tenants. They rejected the messengers, and thus salvation.

Yet the Gospel parable also provides a challenge for us as well. God has given us each a vineyard to tend in our lives. Are we open to Godís messengers in our lives? Are we willing to be good tenants who give him the first fruits of our lives? Often, the Lord sends us messengers and mini-prophets disguised as friends, neighbors or even life-changing events. More often still, those messages come to us through the challenging voice of church teaching. Are we willing to hear those messengers out? Do we even recognize them?

The frightening truth of our Gospel is that the people of Israel had every reason to believe the messengers. God gave them the promised land with miracles and gave plain, clear instructions on how to live. The prophets did likewise, and Jesus summed up the practice in perfection. One might wonder what more they could possibly want? The truth is that itís possible to develop a bad habit of tuning out the messengers, ignoring the teaching and even rejecting God when heís standing right in front of us.

What can save us from a similar fate? How do we remain open to Godly encounters and messengers?  Simple: We have to be on the lookout for them, ready and willing to receive them when they come. It is essential to cultivate an interior disposition that seeks God daily. This starts with a daily habit of prayer and study of the faith, and continues with daily repentance and living the sacramental life of the church.  Yet it also involves an openness to be corrected and an understanding that the churchís teaching will challenge each of us to change. If a fellow parishioner or priest confronted and corrected us with Scripture or the catechism, would we be open to taking it seriously and changing? Christ offers us such grace and mercy, even his very self, through such messengers. May we receive them, repent, grow and bear much fruit.